Daily Facts - January 11
Births1322 - Emperor Komyo of Japan (d. 1380)
1359 - Emperor Go-En'yu of Japan (d. 1393)
1503 - Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola, Italian artist (d. 1540)
1591 - Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, English Civil War general (d. 1646)
1630 - John Rogers, American President of Harvard (d. 1684)
1671 - François-Marie, 1st duc de Broglie, French military leader (d. 1745)
1723 - Prithvi Narayan Shah, began the unification of modern Nepal (d. 1774)
1755 - Alexander Hamilton, first United States Secretary of the Treasury (d. 1804)
1757 - Samuel Bentham, English mechanical engineer (d. 1831)
1800 - Anyos Jedlik, Hungarian physicist (d. 1895)
1807 - Ezra Cornell, American businessman and university founder (d. 1874)
1815 - John A. Macdonald, first Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1891)
1845 - Albert Victor Bäcklund, Swedish physicist (d. 1912)
1852 - Konstantin Fehrenbach, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1926)
1856 - Christian Sinding, Norwegian composer (d. 1941)
1858 - Harry Gordon Selfridge, American retailer (d. 1947)
1859 - Lord George Nathaniel Curzon, British statesman, Viceroy of India (d. 1925)
1868 - Cai Yuanpei, Chinese educator (d. 1940)
1875 - Reinhold Glière, Russian composer (d. 1956)
1876 - Elmer Flick, American baseball player (d. 1971)
1885 - Jack Hoxie, American actor, rodeo performer (d. 1965)
1885 - Alice Paul, American women's rights activist (d. 1977)
1887 - Aldo Leopold, American ecologist (d. 1948)
1890 - Oswald de Andrade, Brazilian author (d.1954)
1897 - August Heissmeyer, German SS officer (d. 1979)
1902 - Maurice Duruflé, French composer (d. 1986)
1903 - Alan Paton, South African writer (d. 1988)
1906 - Albert Hofmann, Swiss chemist
1908 - Lionel Stander, American actor (d. 1994)
1911 - Zenko Suzuki, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 2004)
1921 - Juanita M. Kreps, former U.S. Secretary of Commerce
1923 - Carroll Shelby, American automobile designer
1924 - Roger Guillemin, French neuroendocrinologist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
1924 - Sam B. Hall, American politician (d. 1994)
1924 - Slim Harpo, American musician (d. 1970)
1925 - Grant Tinker, American television executive
1926 - Lev Demin, cosmonaut (d. 1998)
1930 - Rod Taylor, Australian actor
1934 - Jean Chrétien, twentieth Prime Minister of Canada
1938 - Arthur Scargill, British labor leader
1941 - Gérson, Brazilian football player
1942 - Clarence Clemons, American musician (E Street Band)
1943 - Jim Hightower, American radio host and author
1944 - John Piper, American theologian
1944 - Shibu Soren, Indian politician
1946 - Naomi Judd, American singer
1946 - Tony Kaye, British keyboard player (Yes)
1952 - Ben Crenshaw, American golfer
1952 - Lee Ritenour, musician and composer
1956 - Robert Earl Keen, American singer
1957 - Bryan Robson, English footballer and manager
1958 - Vicki Peterson, American musician
1960 - Stanley Tucci, American actor
1961 - Jasper Fforde, British author
1962 - Susan Lindauer, American peace activist and accused spy
1963 - Dean Reynolds, English snooker player
1966 - Marc Acito, American novelist and humorist
1966 - Kelley Law, Canadian curler
1968 - Tom Dumont, American musician
1971 - Mary J. Blige, American singer
1972 - Marc Blucas, American actor
1972 - Amanda Peet, American actress
1973 - Rahul Dravid, Indian cricketer
1977 - Shomari Buchanan, American football player
1978 - Emile Heskey, English footballer
1979 - Siti Nurhaliza, Malaysian singer
1980 - Mike Williams, American football player
Deaths314 - St. Miltiades
705 - John VI
812 - Stauracius, Byzantine Emperor
844 - Michael I Rhangabes, Byzantine Emperor
1055 - Constantine IX Monomachos, Byzantine Emperor
1494 - Domenico Ghirlandaio, Italian artist (b. 1449)
1495 - Pedro González de Mendoza, Spanish cardinal and statesman (b. 1428)
1641 - Juan Martínez de Jáuregui y Aguilar, Spanish poet (b. 1583)
1696 - Charles Albanel, French missionary explorer in Canada (b. 1616)
1703 - Johann Georg Graevius, German classical scholar and critic (b. 1632)
1713 - Pierre Jurieu, French protestant leader (b. 1637)
1762 - Louis-François Roubiliac, French sculptor (b. 1695)
1763 - Caspar Abel, German theologian, historian, and poet (b. 1676)
1771 - Jean-Baptiste de Boyer, Marquis d'Argens, French writer (b. 1704)
1791 - William Williams Pantycelyn, Welsh hymnist (b. 1717)
1801 - Domenico Cimarosa, Italian composer (b. 1749)
1843 - Francis Scott Key, American lawyer (b. 1779)
1882 - Theodor Schwann, German physiologist (b. 1810)
1901 - Vasily Kalinnikov, Russian composer (b. 1866)
1902 - Johnny Briggs, English cricketer (b. 1862)
1905 - Yehudah Aryeh Leib Alter, Hasidic rabbi (b. 1847)
1923 - King Constantine I of Greece (b. 1868)
1928 - Thomas Hardy, English writer (b. 1840)
1931 - James Milton Carroll, was a Baptist pastor, leader, historian, and author (b. 1852)
1941 - Emanuel Lasker, German chess player (b. 1868)
1958 - Edna Purviance, American actress (b. 1895)
1966 - Alberto Giacometti, Swiss sculptor (b. 1901)
1966 - Hannes Kolehmainen, Finnish runner (b. 1889)
1968 - Isidor Isaac Rabi, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1898)
1970 - Richmal Crompton, British author (b. 1890)
1980 - Barbara Pym, English novelist (b. 1913)
1981 - Beulah Bondi, American actress (b. 1888)
1983 - Shri Ghanshyam Das Birla, Indian industrialist and educator (b. 1894)
1988 - Pappy Boyington, American aviator (b. 1912)
1991 - Carl David Anderson, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1905)
1998 - Klaus Tennstedt, German conductor (b. 1926)
1999 - Fabrizio de André, Italian singer (b. 1940)
1999 - Brian Moore, Irish-born writer (b. 1921)
2000 - Ivan Combe, American inventor (b. 1911)
2000 - Bob Lemon, baseball player (b. 1920)
2001 - Sir Denys Lasdun, English architect (b. 1914)
2003 - Mickey Finn, English drummer (T. Rex) (b. 1947)
2003 - Maurice Pialat, French actor and director (b. 1925)
2003 - Richard Simmons, American actor (b. 1913)
2005 - Spencer Dryden, American drummer (Jefferson Airplane) (b. 1938)
2005 - James Griffin, American musician (Bread) (b. 1943)
2005 - Miriam Hyde, Australian composer (b. 1913)
2006 - Nixzmary Brown, child murder victim (b. 1998)
Events314 - Pope Miltiades ends his reign as the Catholic Pope.
532 - Nika riots in Constantinople.
1158 - Vladislav II becomes King of Bohemia.
1569 - First recorded lottery in England.
1571 - Austrian nobility is granted freedom of religion.
1693 - Mt. Etna erupts in Sicily, Italy.
1759 - In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the first American life insurance company is incorporated.
1787 - William Herschel discovers Titania and Oberon, two moons of Uranus.
1794 - Robert Forsythe, a US Marshal was killed in Augusta, Georgia when trying to serve court papers, the first US Marshal to die in action.
1805 - Michigan Territory is created.
1861 - Alabama secedes from the United States.
1863 - American Civil War: Battle of Arkansas Post - General John McClernand and Admiral David Dixon Porter capture the Arkansas River for the Union.
1867 - Benito Juárez becomes Mexican president again.
1879 - Anglo-Zulu War begins.
1880 - Total solar eclipse blackens the sky of San Francisco one day after the funeral of Emperor Norton.
1902 - Popular Mechanics magazine was published for the first time.
1908 - Grand Canyon National Monument is created.
1912 - Bread and Roses Strike begins in Lawrence, Massachusetts.
1919 - Romania annexes Transylvania.
1922 - First use of insulin to treat diabetes in a human patient.
1923 - Troops from France and Belgium occupy the Ruhr area to force Germany to pay its reparation payments.
1935 - Amelia Earhart is the first woman to fly solo from Hawaii to California.
1938 - Frances Moulton is the first woman to become president of a U.S. national bank.
1942 - Japan declares war on the Netherlands and invades the Netherlands East Indies.
1942 - The Japanese capture Kuala Lumpur.
1943 - The United States and United Kingdom give up territorial rights in China.
1946 - Enver Hoxha declares the People's Republic of Albania with himself as dictator.
1946 - Porfirio Barba-Jacob's ashes go back to Colombia.
1949 - First recorded case of snowfall in Los Angeles, California.
1957 - The African Convention is founded in Dakar.
1960 - Chad declares its independence.
1962 - Eruption of the Huascaran volcano in Peru; 4,000 deaths.
1963 - The Whisky a Go Go night club in Los Angeles, the first disco in the USA, is opened.
1964 - United States Surgeon General Luther Leonidas Terry reports smoking may be hazardous to health. First such statement from U.S. government.
1972 - East Pakistan becomes Bangladesh.
1973 - Beginning of the Watergate burglars trial.
1974 - The world's first surviving set of sextuplets are born to Susan Rosenkowitz in Cape Town, South Africa.
1980 - Nigel Short, 14, is the youngest chess player to be awarded the degree of International Master.
1982 - A cold snap sends temperatures to record lows in dozens of cities throughout the Midwestern United States.
1986 - The Gateway Bridge, Brisbane in Queensland Australia was officially opened.
1990 - 300,000 march in favor of Lithuanian independence.
1992 - Paul Simon is the first major artist to tour South Africa after the end of the cultural boycott.
1993 - World Wrestling Federation (WWF) liath RAW.
1994 - Irish Government announces the end of a 15-year broadcasting ban on the IRA and its political arm Sinn Fein
1995 - The WB Television Network begins operations.
1996 - Haiti becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
1998 - Sidi-Hamed massacre in Algeria; over 100 people killed.
2001 - The Federal Trade Commission approved the merger of AOL and Time Warner to form AOL Time Warner.
2003 - Illinois governor George H. Ryan announces decision to grant clemency to all inmates of death row.
2005 - Black Tuesday bushfires swept across the southern Eyre Peninsula in South Australia.
HolidaysAlbania - Republic Day (1946).
Japan - Kagami-Biraki (Rice Cakes Festival).
Morocco - The Independence manifesto day.
Nepal - Unity Day.
Roman Empire - First day of Carmentalia in honor of Carmenta.
Feast of the Baptism of Jesus.