Daily Facts - January 13
Births1334 - King Henry II of Castile (d. 1379)
1562 - Mark Alexander Boyd, Scottish poet (d. 1601)
1596 - Jan van Goyen, Dutch painter (d. 1656)
1610 - Maria Anna of Austria (d. 1665)
1616 - Antoinette Bourignon, Flemish mystic (d. 1680)
1635 - Philipp Jakob Spener, German theologian (d. 1705)
1651 - Henry Booth, 1st Earl of Warrington, English politician (d. 1694)
1720 - Richard Hurd, English bishop and writer (d. 1808)
1749 - Friedrich Müller, painter, narrator, lyricist and dramatist (d. 1825)
1805 - Thomas Dyer, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1862)
1808 - Salmon P. Chase, 6th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1873)
1812 - Victor de Laprade, French poet and critic (d. 1883)
1832 - Horatio Alger, Jr., American minister and author (d. 1899)
1861 - Max Nonne, German neurologist (d. 1959)
1864 - Wilhelm Wien, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1928)
1866 - Vasily Kalinnikov, Russian composer (d. 1901)
1878 - Lionel-Adolphe Groulx, Canadian nationalist (d. 1967).
1879 - Melvin Jones, American founder of Lions Clubs International (d. 1961)
1884 - Sophie Tucker, Russian-born singer, comedienne, and vaudeville performer (d. 1966)
1893 - Clark Ashton Smith, American writer (d. 1961)
1899 - Kay Francis, American actress (d. 1968)
1909 - Marinus van der Lubbe, Dutch communist (d. 1934)
1911 - Joh Bjelke-Petersen, Premier of Queensland (d. 2005)
1919 - Robert Stack, American actor (d. 2003)
1924 - Paul Feyerabend, Austrian-born philosopher (d. 1994)
1925 - Gwen Verdon, American actress and dancer (d. 2000)
1926 - Michael Bond, British writer
1926 - Carolyn Gold Heilbrun, American feminist author (d. 2003)
1927 - Brock Adams, American politician (d. 2004)
1927 - Sydney Brenner, British Nobel Laureate
1930 - Frances Sternhagen, American actress
1930 - Liz Anderson, American singer
1931 - Charles Nelson Reilly, American actor
1934 - Rip Taylor, American actor
1938 - William B. Davis, Canadian actor
1938 - Tord Grip, Swedish football manager
1942 - Richard Moll, American actor
1943 - Carol Cleveland, English actress
1946 - Eero Koivistoinen, Finnish musician
1947 - Jacek Majchrowski, Mayor of Kraków
1948 - Gaj Singh, Maharaja of Jodhpur
1949 - Brandon Tartikoff, American television executive (d. 1997)
1954 - Trevor Rabin, South African guitarist (Yes)
1955 - Jay McInerney, American writer
1958 - Andrew Stanton, American actor and director
1961 - Julia Louis-Dreyfus, American actress
1961 - Graham McPherson, English singer
1961 - Wayne Coyne, American singer (The Flaming Lips)
1962 - Trace Adkins, American musician
1964 - Penelope Ann Miller, American actress
1966 - Patrick Dempsey, American actor
1969 - Stephen Hendry, Scottish snooker player
1969 - Stefania Belmondo, Italian cross-country skier
1970 - Keith Coogan, American actor
1970 - Marco Pantani, Italian cyclist (d. 2004)
1972 - Nicole Eggert, American actress
1972 - Vitaly Scherbo, Belarussian gymnast
1973 - Nikolai Khabibulin, Russian hockey player
1977 - Orlando Bloom, English actor
1980 - Krzysztof Czerwinski, Polish conductor and organist
1980 - Akira Kaji, Japanese National Football Player
1982 - Guillermo Coria, Argentine tennis player
1983 - Julian Morris, English actor
Deaths85 BC - Gaius Marius, Roman general and politician
703 - Empress Jitō of Japan (b. 645)
858 - King Ethelwulf of Wessex
888 - Charles the Fat, Holy Roman Emperor
1138 - Simon I, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1076)
1151 - Abbot Suger, French statesman and historian
1177 - Henry II of Austria (b. 1107)
1330 - Duke Frederick I of Austria (b. 1286)
1363 - Meinhard III, Count of Tyrol
1547 - Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, English poet (b. 1517)
1599 - Edmund Spenser, English poet (b. 1552)
1658 - Edward Sexby, English Puritan soldier (b. 1616)
1691 - George Fox, English founder of the Quakers (b. 1624)
1766 - King Frederick V of Denmark (b. 1723)
1775 - Johann Georg Walch, German theologian (b. 1693)
1790 - Luc Urbain de Bouexic, comte de Guichen, French admiral (b. 1712)
1796 - John H. D. Anderson, Scottish scientist and inventor (b. 1726)
1797 - Elisabeth Christine von Braunschweig-Bevern, wife of Frederick II of Prussia (b. 1715)
1852 - Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen, Russian explorer (b. 1778)
1864 - Stephen Foster, American composer (b. 1826)
1906 - Alexander Popov, Russian physicist (b. 1859)
1923 - Alexandre Ribot, French statesman (b. 1842)
1929 - Wyatt Earp, Western lawman (b. 1848)
1934 - Paul Ulrich Villard, French physicist (b. 1860)
1941 - James Joyce, Irish writer (b. 1882)
1943 - Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Swiss artist (b. 1889)
1962 - Ernie Kovacs, American actor and comedian (b. 1919)
1974 - Salvador Novo, Mexican writer and poet (b. 1904)
1978 - Hubert H. Humphrey, Vice President of the United States and Senator from Minnesota (b. 1911)
1978 - Joe McCarthy, baseball manager (b. 1908)
1979 - Donny Hathaway, American musician (b. 1945)
1988 - Chiang Ching-kuo, President of the Republic of China (b. 1910)
2001 - Michael Cuccione, Canadian actor and singer (b. 1985)
2002 - Ted Demme, American film and television director (b. 1963)
2002 - Frank Shuster, Canadian comedian (b. 1916)
2003 - Norman Panama, American screenwriter and director (b. 1914)
2004 - Arne Næss Jr., Norwegian mountain climber and businessman (b. 1937)
2004 - Harold Shipman, British serial killer (b. 1946)
2005 - Earl Cameron, Canadian broadcaster (b. 1915)
2005 - Nell Rankin, American mezzo-soprano (b. 1924)
Events888 - Odo, Count of Paris becomes King of the Franks.
1099 - Crusaders set fire to Mara, Syria.
1328 - Edward III of England marries Philippa, daughter of the Count of Hainault.
1547 - Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey sentenced to death.
1559 - Elizabeth I crowned queen of England in Westminster Abbey.
1602 - William Shakespeare's The Merry Wives of Windsor is published.
1605 - The controversial play Eastward Hoe by Ben Jonson, George Chapman, and John Marston is performed, landing two of the authors in prison.
1607 - Bank of Genoa fails after announcement of national bankruptcy in Spain.
1610 - Galileo Galilei discovers Callisto, 4th moon of Jupiter.
1622 - Work on the printing of the First Folio of William Shakespeare is suspended.
1625 - John Milton, 16, is admitted to Christ's College, Cambridge.
1733 - James Oglethorpe and 130 colonists arrive in Charleston, South Carolina.
1785 - John Walter publishes first issue of the Daily Universal Register (later renamed The Times).
1830 - Great fire of New Orleans, Louisiana begins.
1832 - President Andrew Jackson writes Vice President Martin Van Buren expressing his opposition to South Carolina's defiance of federal authority in the Nullification Crisis.
1840 - The steamship Lexington burns and sinks four miles off the coast of Long Island with the loss of 139 lives.
1847 - The Treaty of Cahuenga ends the Mexican-American War in California.
1854 - The accordion is patented by Anthony Faas.
1869 - National convention of black leaders meets in Washington D.C..
1893 - The Independent Labour Party of the UK has its first meeting.
1893 - US Marines land in Honolulu from the U.S.S. Boston to prevent the queen from abrogating the Bayonet Constitution.
1898 - Emile Zola's J'accuse exposes the Dreyfus affair.
1915 - An Earthquake in Avezzano, Italy kills 29,800.
1930 - Mickey Mouse comic strip makes its first appearance.
1935 - A plebiscite in Saarland shows that 90.3% of those voting wish to join Nazi Germany.
1938 - Church of England accepts theory of evolution.
1942 - Henry Ford patents a plastic automobile, which is 30% lighter than a regular car.
1942 - The United States begins Japanese American internment.
1953 - Marshal Josip Broz Tito chosen President of Yugoslavia.
1957 - Wham-O Company produces the first Frisbee.
1958 - Moroccan Liberation Army ambushes Spanish patrol in the Battle of Edchera.
1966 - Robert C. Weaver becomes the first African American Cabinet member by being appointed United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.
1968 - Johnny Cash records his landmark album At Folsom Prison live at Folsom State Prison
1972 - Prime Minister Kofi Busia and President Edward Akufo-Addo of Ghana are ousted in a bloodless military coup by Col. Ignatius Kutu Acheamphong.
1982 - Shortly after takeoff, Air Florida Flight 90 737 jet crashes into Washington, DC's 14th Street Bridge and falls into the Potomac River, killing 78 including four motorists.
1986 - A month-long violent struggle begins in Aden, South Yemen between supporters of Ali Nasir Muhammad and Abdul Fattah Ismail, resulting in thousands of casualties.
1990 - L. Douglas Wilder becomes the first elected African American governor as he takes office in Richmond, Virginia.
1991 - Soviet Union military troops attack Lithuanian independence supporters in Vilnius.
1992 - Japan apologizes for forcing Korean women into sexual slavery during World War II.
2001 - An earthquake hits El Salvador, killing more than 800.
HolidaysIn Sweden, Christmas ends on the 20th day, St. Knut's Day. Children celebrate a party throwing out the Christmas tree (julgransplundring).