Daily Facts - January 20
Births225 - Gordian III, Roman Emperor (d. 244)
1358 - Eleanor of Aragon, wife of John I of Castile (d. 1382)
1435 - Ashikaga Yoshimasa, Japanese shogun (d. 1490)
1554 - King Sebastian of Portugal (d. 1578)
1586 - Johann Schein, German composer (d. 1630)
1664 - Giovanni Vincenzo Gravina, Italian writer and jurist (d. 1718)
1716 - King Charles III of Spain (d. 1788)
1716 - Jean-Jacques Barthélemy, French writer and numismatist (d. 1795)
1775 - Andre Marie Ampere, French physicist (d. 1836)
1798 - Anson Jones, 5th and last President of Texas (d. 1858)
1804 - Eugène Sue, French novelist (d. 1857)
1812 - Thomas Meik, Scottish engineer (d. 1896)
1837 - David Josiah Brewer, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1910)
1855 - Ernest Chausson, French composer (d. 1899)
1867 - Yvette Guilbert, French singer and actress (d. 1944)
1873 - Johannes Vilhelm Jensen, Danish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1950)
1876 - Józef Hofmann, Polish pianist (d. 1967)
1878 - Ruth St. Denis, dancer (d. 1968)
1880 - Walter W. Bacon, Governor of Delaware (d. 1962)
1891 - Mischa Elman, Ukrainian born violinist (d. 1967)
1894 - Walter Piston, American composer (d. 1976)
1896 - George Burns, American actor, comedian (d. 1996)
1900 - Colin Clive, British actor (d. 1937)
1906 - Aristotle Onassis, Greek industrialist (d. 1975)
1910 - Joy Adamson, Austrian naturalist and writer (d. 1980)
1915 - Ghulam Ishaq Khan, President of Pakistan
1918 - Juan Garcia Esquivel, Mexican musician (d. 2002)
1920 - Federico Fellini, Italian film director (d. 1993)
1920 - DeForest Kelley, American actor (d. 1999)
1920 - John O'Connor, American Catholic cardinal (d. 2000)
1920 - Thorleif Schjelderup, Norwegian author and ski jumper (d. 2006)
1923 - Nora Brockstedt, Norwegian singer
1924 - Slim Whitman, American singer
1925 - Ernesto Cardenal, Nicaraguan theologian and author and politician
1926 - Patricia Neal, American actress
1926 - David Tudor, American pianist and composer (d. 1996)
1929 - Jimmy Cobb, American jazz drummer
1929 - Bob Denard, French mercenary
1929 - Arte Johnson, American actor
1929 - Glenn "Fireball" Roberts, American race car driver (d. 1964)
1930 - Buzz Aldrin, astronaut
1931 - David Lee, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
1934 - Tom Baker, British actor
1938 - William Berger, Austrian actor (d. 1993)
1938 - Derek Dougan, Northern Irish footballer
1939 - Paul Coverdell, American politician (d. 2000)
1940 - Carol Heiss, American figure skater
1945 - Christopher Martin-Jenkins, cricket commentator and chief cricket correspondent of The Times
1946 - David Lynch, American film director
1948 - Natan Sharansky, Russian-born physicist and politician
1949 - Göran Persson, Prime Minister of Sweden
1950 - Mahamane Ousmane, President of Niger
1950 - Liza Goddard, actress
1951 - Ian Hill, British musician (Judas Priest)
1951 - Ivan Fischer, Hungarian conductor
1952 - Paul Stanley, American musician (KISS)
1955 - Wyatt Knight, American actor
1956 - Bill Maher, American actor, comedian, and political analyst
1958 - Lorenzo Lamas, American actor
1960 - Will Wright, American computer game designer
1960 - Scott Thunes, American musician (Frank Zappa)
1963 - James Denton, American actor
1965 - Greg Kriesel, American bassist (The Offspring)
1965 - Sophie, The Countess of Wessex, the wife of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex
1965 - John Michael Montgomery, American singer
1968 - Melissa Rivers, American reporter and actress
1969 - Patrick K. Kroupa, American writer, hacker
1969 - Skeet Ulrich, American actor
1971 - Brian Giles, Major League Baseball player
1971 - Derrick Green, American singer (Sepultura)
1976 - Gretha Smit, Dutch speed skater
1979 - Rob Bourdon, American musician (Linkin Park)
1981 - Owen Hargreaves, English international footballer
1982 - Erin Wasson, American supermodel
1986 - Tiffany Holiday, American pornographic actress
Deaths1156 - Bishop Henry, patron saint of Finland
1479 - King John II of Aragon (b. 1397)
1568 - Myles Coverdale, English Bible translator
1612 - Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1552)
1666 - Anna of Austria, wife of Louis XIII of France and regent (b. 1601)
1707 - Humphrey Hody, English theologian (b. 1659)
1709 - François de la Chaise, French confessor of Louis XIV of France (b. 1624)
1745 - Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1697)
1751 - John Hervey, 1st Earl of Bristol, English politician (b. 1665)
1770 - Charles Yorke, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (b. 1722)
1779 - David Garrick, English actor (b. 1717)
1810 - Benjamin Chew, Chief Justice of colonial Pennsylvania (b. 1722)
1819 - King Charles IV of Spain (b. 1748)
1848 - Christian VIII of Denmark (b. 1786)
1850 - Adam Oehlenschläger, Danish poet (b. 1779)
1873 - The Venerable Father Basil Anthony Marie Moreau, Founder of the Congregation of Holy Cross (b. 1799)
1891 - David Kalakaua, King of Hawaii (b. 1836)
1901 - Zénobe Gramme, Belgian engineer (b. 1826)
1907 - Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev, Russian chemist (b. 1834)
1920 - Georg Lurich, Estonian wrestler (b. 1876)
1936 - King George V of the United Kingdom (b. 1865)
1944 - James McKeen Cattell, American psychologist (b. 1860)
1962 - Robinson Jeffers, American poet (b. 1887)
1965 - Alan Freed, American disk jockey (b. 1922)
1979 - Gustav Winckler, Danish singer (b. 1925)
1971 - Gilbert M. 'Broncho Billy' Anderson, American actor, director, writer, and producer (b. 1880)
1973 - Lorenz Böhler, Austrian physician (b. 1885)
1983 - Garrincha, Brazilian footballer (b. 1933)
1984 - Johnny Weissmuller, American swimmer and actor (b. 1904)
1988 - Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, Pashtun Nationalist & non-violent freedom fighter (b. 1890)
1990 - Hayedeh, Persian singer (b. 1942)
1990 - Barbara Stanwyck, American actress (b. 1907)
1993 - Audrey Hepburn, Anglo-Dutch actress (b. 1929)
1994 - Matt Busby, Scottish football manager (b. 1909)
1996 - Gerry Mulligan, American musician (b. 1927)
1997 - Curt Flood, baseball player (b. 1938)
1998 - Bobo Brazil, American professional wrestler (b. 1924)
2003 - Al Hirschfeld, American caricaturist (b. 1903)
2003 - Nedra Volz, American actress (b. 1908)
2003 - Bill Werbeniuk, Canadian snooker player (b. 1947)
2004 - Guinn Smith, American athlete (b. 1920)
2005 - Per Borten, Prime Minister of Norway (b. 1913)
2005 - Roland Frye, American literary critic and theologian
2005 - Jan Nowak-Jeziorański, Polish journalist, writer, and politician (b. 1913)
2005 - Miriam Rothschild, British zoologist, entomologist, and author (b. 1908)
Events1156 - According to legend, freeholder Lalli slays English crusader Bishop Henry with an axe on the ice of the lake Köyliönjärvi in Finland.
1265 - In Westminster, the first English parliament conducts its first meeting in the Palace of Westminster, now also known as the "Houses of Parliament".
1320 - Dante - Quaestio de Aqua et Terra.
1320 - Duke Wladyslaw Lokietek becomes king of Poland.
1356 - Edward Balliol resigns as King of Scotland.
1523 - Christian II is forced to abdicate as King of Denmark and Norway.
1576 - The Mexican city of León is founded by order of the viceroy Don Martín Enríquez de Almanza.
1649 - Charles I of England goes on trial for treason and other "high crimes"
1667 - Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth cedes Kyiv, Smolensk, and left-bank Ukraine to Imperial Russia in the treaty of Andrusiv.
1783 - The Kingdom of Great Britain signs a peace treaty with France and Spain, officially ending hostilities in the Revolutionary War.
1801 - John Marshall is appointed the Chief Justice of the United States.
1839 - In the Battle of Yungay, Chile defeats a Peruvian and Bolivian alliance.
1840 - Dumont D'Urville discovers Adélie Land, Antarctica.
1840 - Willem II becomes King of the Netherlands.
1841 - Hong Kong Island occupied by the British Empire.
1885 - L.A. Thompson patents the roller coaster.
1887 - The United States Senate allows the Navy to lease Pearl Harbor as a naval base.
1892 - At the YMCA in Springfield, Massachusetts, the first official basketball game is played.
1920 - American Civil Liberties Union founded.
1921 - The first constitution of Turkey was adopted, which made fundamental change in the source and exercise of sovereignty.
1929 - In Old Arizona, the first full-length talking film filmed outdoors, is released.
1936 - Edward VIII becomes King of the United Kingdom.
1937 - The coldest temperature in California is recorded by Boca station at -45° Fahrenheit.
1937 - Franklin D. Roosevelt is inaugurated for a second term as President of the United States. This is the first inauguration scheduled on January 20, following adoption of the 20th Amendment. Previous inaugurations were scheduled on March 4.
1941 - Franklin D. Roosevelt is inaugurated for an unprecedented third term as President of the United States.
1942 - World War II: Nazis at the Wannsee conference in Berlin decide the "final solution to the Jewish problem".
1944 - World War II: The Royal Air Force drops 2,300 tons of bombs on Berlin.
1945 - Franklin D. Roosevelt is inaugurated for an unprecedented fourth term as President of the United States.
1945 - Hungary drops out of the Second World War, agreeing an armistice with the Allies.
1949 - Harry S. Truman is inaugurated for a second term as President of the United States.
1952 - Edgar Faure becomes Prime Minister of France.
1953 - Dwight Eisenhower is inaugurated as 34th President of the United States.
1954 - The National Negro Network is established with 40 charter member radio stations.
1957 - Dwight Eisenhower is inaugurated for a second term as President of the United States.
1960 - Hendrik Verwoerd announced a plebiscite on whether South Africa should become a Republic.
1961 - John F. Kennedy is inaugurated as 35th President of the United States.
1964 - Meet the Beatles, the first Beatles album in the United States, is released.
1965 - Lyndon B. Johnson is inaugurated for a second term as President of the United States.
1969 - Richard Nixon is inaugurated as 37th President of the United States.
1969 - The first pulsar is discovered, in the Crab Nebula.
1973 - Richard Nixon is inaugurated for a second term as President of the United States.
1977 - Jimmy Carter is inaugurated as 39th President of the United States.
1981 - Ronald W. Reagan is inaugurated as the 40th President of the United States.
1981 - Iran releases 52 American hostages twenty minutes after Ronald Reagan is inaugurated as U.S. President.
1985 - As this day fell on a Sunday, Ronald Reagan's inauguration for his second term was held in the Grand Foyer of the White House in a private ceremony.
1986 - Martin Luther King, Jr., day was celebrated as a federal holiday for the first time.
1986 - The United Kingdom and France announce plans to construct the Channel Tunnel.
1987 - Church of England envoy Terry Waite is kidnapped in Lebanon.
1989 - George H. W. Bush is inaugurated as the 41st President of the United States.
1990 - Black January - bloody crackdown of Azerbaijani peaceful pro-independence demonstrations by Soviet army in Baku.
1991 - Sudan's government imposes Islamic law nationwide, worsening the civil war between the country's Muslim north and Christian south.
1993- Bill Clinton is inaugurated as the 42nd President of the United States.
1996 - Yasser Arafat is elected president of the Palestinian Authority.
1997 - Bill Clinton is inaugurated for a second term as President of the United States.
1999 - The China News Service announces new government restrictions on Internet use aimed especially at Internet bars.
2001 - Philippine president Joseph Estrada is ousted in the EDSA II Revolution, succeeded by Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.
2001 - George W. Bush is inaugurated as the 43rd President of the United States.
2005 - George W. Bush is inaugurated for a second term as President of the United States.
2005 - Ireland completes metrication.
2009 - George W. Bush's Presidential term expires.
HolidaysFeast day of the following saints in the Roman Catholic Church:
Epiphanius of Pavia
The Eve of St. Agnes.
Presidential Inauguration Day in the United States.
Astrology: First day of sun sign Aquarius.