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Daily Facts Collection

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Daily Facts - January 25

Births

750 - Leo IV the Khazar, Byzantine Emperor
1477 - Anna, Duchess of Brittany, wife of Charles VIII of France (d. 1514)
1509 - Giovanni Morone, Italian cardinal (d. 1580)
1615 - Govert Flinck, Dutch painter (d. 1660)
1627 - Robert Boyle, Irish chemist (d. 1691)
1634 - Gaspar Fagel, Dutch statesman (d. 1688)
1640 - William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Devonshire, English soldier and statesman (d. 1707)
1736 - Joseph Louis Lagrange, Italian-born mathematician (d. 1813)
1739 - Charles François Dumouriez, French general (d. 1823)
1759 - Robert Burns, Scottish poet (d. 1796)
1794 - François-Vincent Raspail, French chemist (d. 1878)
1796 - William MacGillivray, Scottish naturalist and ornithologist (d. 1852)
1825 - George Pickett, American Confederate General (d. 1875)
1841 - Jackie Fisher, British First Sea Lord (d. 1920)
1858 - Kokichi Mikimoto, Japanese pearl farm pioneer (d. 1954)
1860 - Charles Curtis, Vice President of the United States (d. 1936)
1864 - Julije Kempf, Croatian historian and writer (d. 1934)
1874 - William Somerset Maugham, English writer (d. 1965)
1878 - Ernst Alexanderson, Swedish-born television pioneer (d. 1975)
1882 - Virginia Woolf, English writer (d. 1941)
1886 - Wilhelm Furtwängler, German conductor (d. 1954)
1900 - Theodosius Dobzhansky, Ukrainian-American geneticist and biologist (d. 1975)
1900 - Yojiro Ishizaka, Japanese writer (d. 1986)
1913 - Witold Lutosławski, Polish composer (d. 1994)
1916 - Frank "Pop" Ivy, American and Canadian Football coach (d. 2003)
1917 - Ilya Prigogine, Russian-born physicist and chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (d. 2003)
1917 - Jânio Quadros, Brazilian politician (d. 1992)
1918 - Ernie Harwell, baseball sportscaster
1919 - Edwin Newman, American journalist and writer
1927 - Antonio Carlos Jobim, Brazilian musician (d. 1994)
1928 - Eduard Shevardnadze, President of Georgia
1929 - Benny Golson, Jazz Musician
1931 - Dean Jones, American actor
1933 - Corazon Aquino, President of the Philippines
1936 - Diana Hyland, American actress (d. 1977)
1938 - Shotaro Ishinomori, Manga and tokusatsu (Japan superhero) creater (d. 1998)
1938 - Etta James, American singer
1938 - Vladimir Vysotsky, Russian poet, singer, and actor (d. 1980)
1941 - Buddy Baker, American race car driver
1941 - Gregory Sierra, American actor
1942 - Carl Eller, American football player
1942 - Eusébio, Portuguese footballer
1943 - Tobe Hooper, American film director
1944 - Anita Pallenberg, Italian model and actress
1944 - Leigh Taylor-Young, American actress
1947 - Tostão, Brazilian footballer
1949 - Paul Nurse, British biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
1951 - Steve Prefontaine, American runner (d. 1975)
1952 - Timothy White, American journalist (d. 2002)
1953 - Wayne Ferris, American Professional Wrestler
1954 - Ricardo Bochini, Argentinian footballer
1955 - Terry Chimes, co-founder and drummer of the British punk rock band The Clash
1956 - Andy Cox, British musician (The Beat (band), Fine Young Cannibals)
1958 - Dinah Manoff, American actress
1969 - Kina, American singer
1971 - Luca Badoer, Italian race-car driver
1973 - Geoff Johns, American comic book writer
1975 - Tim Montgomery, American athlete
1976 - Mia Kirshner, Canadian actress
1979 - Pi Hongyan, French badminton player
1979 - Gabe Jennings, American distance runner
1981 - Alicia Keys, American singer and musician
1984 - Robinho, Brazilian footballer
1985 - Tina Karol, Ukraninan singer
1986 - Chris O'Grady, English footballer

Deaths

389 - Gregory Nazianzus, theologian and Patriarch of Constantinople (b. 329)
477 - Geiseric, King of the Vandals and Alans
844 - Pope Gregory IV
1067 - Emperor Yingzong of China (b. 1032)
1366 - Henry Suso, German mystic
1431 - Charles II, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1364)
1494 - King Ferdinand I of Naples (b. 1423)
1559 - King Christian II of Denmark, Sweden and Norway (b. 1481)
1586 - Lucas Cranach the Younger, German painter (b. 1515)
1640 - Robert Burton, English scholar (b. 1577)
1670 - Nicholas II, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1612)
1726 - Guillaume Delisle, French cartographer (b. 1726)
1733 - Gilbert Heathcote, Mayor of London
1751 - Paul Dudley, Attorney-General of Massachusetts (b. 1675)
1881 - Konstantin Thon, Russian architect (b. 1794)
1908 - Mikhail Chigorin, Russian chess player (b. 1850)
1908 - Ouida, English writer (b. 1839)
1912 - Dmitry Milyutin, Russian Field Marshal (b. 1916)
1925 - Ivan Vucetic, Croatian anthropologist (b. 1858)
1947 - Al Capone, American gangster (b. 1899)
1963 - Wilson Kettle, Guinness World Record holder for most living descendants (b. 1860)
1969 - Irene Castle, English dancer (b. 1887)
1970 - Jane Bathori, French mezzo-soprano (b. 1877)
1970 - Eiji Tsuburaya, Founder of Tsuburaya Productions, creator of Ultraman (b. 1901)
1972 - Erhard Milch, German field marshal (b. 1892)
1981 - Adele Astaire, American dancer (b. 1897)
1982 - Mikhail Suslov, Soviet politician (b. 1902)
1990 - Ava Gardner, American actress (b. 1922)
1994 - Stephen Cole Kleene, American mathematician (b. 1909)
1995 - Cal Jammer, American actor (b. 1960)
1996 - Jonathan Larson, American composer (b. 1960)
1999 - Robert Shaw, American conductor (b. 1916)
2004 - Fanny Blankers-Koen, Dutch athlete (b. 1918)
2004 - Miklós Fehér, Hungarian footballer (b. 1979)
2005 - Stanisław Albinowski, Polish economist and journalist (b. 1923)
2005 - William Augustus Bootle, American judge (b. 1902)
2005 - Philip Johnson, American architect (b. 1906)
2005 - Ray Peterson, American singer (b. 1935)
2005 - Nettie Witziers-Timmer, Dutch athlete (b. 1923)
2006 - Anna Malle, Adult film star (b. 1967)

Events

41 - After a night of negotiation, Claudius is accepted as Roman Emperor by the Senate.
844 - Gregory IV begins and ends his reign as Catholic Pope
1327 - Edward III becomes King of England.
1494 - Alfonso II becomes King of Naples.
1533 - Henry VIII of England secretly marries his second wife Anne Boleyn.
1554 - Founding of São Paulo city, Brazil.
1579 - Treaty of Utrecht signed, marks beginning of Dutch Republic.
1755 - Moscow University established on Tatiana Day.
1787 - American Daniel Shays leads rebellion to seize Federal arsenal to protest debtor prisons.
1791 - The British Parliament passes the Constitutional Act of 1791 and splits the old province of Quebec into Upper and Lower Canada.
1792 - The London Corresponding Society is founded.
1858 - The Wedding March by Felix Mendelssohn becomes a popular wedding recessional after it is played on this day at the marriage of Queen Victoria's daughter, Victoria, and Friedrich of Prussia.
1879 - The Bulgarian National Bank is founded.
1881 - Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell form the Oriental Telephone Company.
1890 - The United Mine Workers of America is founded.
1890 - Nellie Bly completes her round-the-world journey in 72 days.
1915 - Alexander Graham Bell inaugurates U.S. transcontinental telephone service.
1917 - The Danish West Indies is sold to the United States for $25 million.
1918 - Russia declared a republic of Soviets.
1919 - The League of Nations is founded.
1924 - The 1924 Winter Olympics open in Chamonix, France (in the French Alps), inaugurating the Winter Olympic Games.
1941 - Pope Pius XII elevates the Apostolic Vicariate of the Hawaiian Islands to the dignity of a diocese. It becomes the Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu.
1942 - Thailand declares war on the United States and United Kingdom.
1946 - The United Mine Workers rejoins the American Federation of Labor.
1949 - At the Hollywood Athletic Club the first Emmy Awards are presented.
1949 - The first Israeli election -- David Ben-Gurion becomes Prime Minister.
1955 - Russia ends state of war with Germany.
1959 - Pope John XXIII proclaims Second Vatican Council.
1960 - The National Association of Broadcasters reacts to the Payola scandal by threatening fines for any disc jockeys who accepted money for playing particular records.
1961 - In Washington, D.C. John F. Kennedy delivers the first live presidential television news conference.
1969 - US-North Vietnamese peace talks begin in Paris.
1971 - Charles Manson and three female "family members" are found guilty of murder and sentenced to life imprisonment.
1971 - Idi Amin leads a coup deposing Milton Obote and becomes Uganda's president.
1971 - Himachal Pradesh becomes the 18th Indian state.
1981 - Mao's widow Jiang Qing sentenced to death.
1986 - The National Resistance Movement topple the government of Tito Okello in Uganda.
1987 - German federal election, 1987 held
1990 - The Burns' Day storm hits Northwestern Europe.
1990 - Honduras becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
1993 - Mir Amir Kansi kills two employees outside CIA headquarters in Langley, Virginia.
1995 - The Norwegian Rocket Incident: Russia almost launches a nuclear attack after Black Brant XII, a Norwegian research rocket, is mistaken for a US Trident missile by the Olenegorsk early-warning radar station.
1998 - During a historic visit to Cuba Pope John Paul II demands the release of political prisoners and political reforms while condemning US attempts to isolate the country.
1999 - A 6.0 Richter scale earthquake hits western Colombia killing at least 1,000.
2002 - Wikipedia switches to the new version of its software ("Phase II") aka Magnus Manske Day.
2004 - Opportunity (MER-B) lands on surface of Mars.
2005 - A stampede during a pilgrimage in India kills at least 258.
2006 - Three independent observing campaigns announce the discovery of OGLE-2005-BLG-390Lb through gravitational microlensing, the first cool rocky/icy extrasolar planet around a main-sequence star.
2006 - The Council of Europe passes a draft resolution that emphatically condemns the atrocities and human rights violations of totalitarian communist regimes.

Holidays

Catholicism and Anglicanism - Conversion of Saint Paul.
Christian ecumenism — Week of Prayer for Christian Unity ends.
Burns Night - Burns suppers are held in many parts of the world around this date. (Originated in Scotland)
Roman Empire - second day of the Sementivae in honour of Ceres and Terra
St. Dwynwen's Day and Patron Saint of Lovers - Welsh celebration of love Dirwnod Santes Dwynwen.
Tatiana Day, celebrated as the Day of Russian students since 1755, when the Moscow University was founded.
Winter-Een-Mas - celebration of videogames and the people that play them. Winter-een-mas lasts for a whole week, which is always the very last week in January, the 25th through the 31st.