Daily Facts - January 30
Births133 - Marcus Severus Didius Julianus, Roman Emperor (d. 193)
1505 - Thomas Tallis, English composer (d. 1585)
1563 - Franciscus Gomarus, Dutch theologian (d. 1641)
1615 - Thomas Rolfe, American colonial settler
1661 - Charles Rollin, French historian (d. 1741)
1687 - Johann Balthasar Neumann, German architect (d. 1753)
1697 - Johann Joachim Quantz, German flautist and composer (d. 1773)
1720 - Charles De Geer, Swedish industrialist and entomologist (d. 1778)
1754 - John Lansing, Jr., American statesman (d. 1829)
1781 - Adelbert von Chamisso, German writer (d. 1838)
1822 - Franz Ritter von Hauer, Austrian geologist (d. 1899)
1841 - Félix Faure, President of France (d. 1899)
1859 - Tony Mullane, Major League Baseball player (d. 1944)
1861 - Charles Martin Loeffler, German-born composer (d. 1935)
1878 - Anton Hansen Tammsaare, Estonian author (d. 1940)
1882 - Franklin D. Roosevelt, 32nd. President of the United States (d. 1945)
1894 - King Boris III of Bulgaria (d. 1943)
1899 - Max Theiler, South African virologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1972)
1901 - Rudolf Caracciola, German race car driver (d. 1959)
1902 - Nikolaus Pevsner, German-born art historian (d. 1983)
1910 - C Subramaniam, Indian politician (d. 2000)
1911 - Roy Eldridge, American musician (d. 1989)
1912 - Barbara W. Tuchman, American historian (d. 1989)
1914 - John Ireland, Canadian actor (d. 1992)
1915 - Joachim Peiper, German military leader (d. 1976)
1915 - John Profumo, British cabinet minister (d. 2006)
1920 - Delbert Mann, American director
1922 - Dick Martin, American comedian
1924 - Lloyd Alexander, American writer
1925 - Douglas Engelbart, American computer scientist
1925 - Dorothy Malone, American actress
1927 - Olof Palme, Prime Minister of Sweden (d. 1986)
1928 - Hal Prince, American stage producer and director
1930 - Samuel J. Byck, American attempted assassin of Richard Nixon (d. 1974)
1930 - Gene Hackman, American actor
1930 - Magnus Malan, South African politician
1931 - Allan W. Eckert, American historian, naturalist, and author
1931 - Shirley Hazzard, Australian-born author
1932 - Knock Yokoyama, Japanese comedian and politician
1933 - Louis Rukeyser, American journalist
1935 - Richard Brautigan, American writer and poet (d. 1984)
1937 - Vanessa Redgrave, English actress
1937 - Boris Spassky, Russian chess player
1941 - Gregory Benford, American author and scientist
1941 - Dick Cheney, Vice President of the United States
1941 - Tineke Lagerberg, Dutch swimmer
1943 - Marty Balin, American musician
1945 - Michael Dorris, American author (d. 1997)
1947 - Les Barker, English poet
1947 - Steve Marriott, English musician (The Small Faces) (d. 1991)
1948 - Nick Broomfield, British actor
1949 - Peter Agre, American biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
1951 - Phil Collins, English musician
1951 - Charles S. Dutton, American actor
1955 - Judith Tarr, American author
1957 - Payne Stewart, American golfer (d. 1999)
1959 - Jody Watley, American singer
1962 - King Abdullah II of Jordan
1962 - Mary Kay Letourneau, Infamous statutory rapist
1965 - Julie McCullough, American model and actress
1968 - Prince Felipe of Spain
1971 - Kimo von Oelhoffen, American football player
1974 - Jemima Khan, British socialite
1974 - Christian Bale, British actor
1975 - Yumi Yoshimura, Japanese singer Puffy Amiyumi
1976 - Andy Milonakis, American comedian
1980 - Wilmer Valderrama, American actor
1981 - Dimitar Berbatov, Bulgarian footballer
1981 - Peter Crouch, English footballer
1987 - Rebecca Knox, Irish professional wrestler
Deaths1030 - William V, Duke of Aquitaine (b. 969)
1181 - Emperor Takakura of Japan (b. 1161)
1384 - Louis II of Flanders (b. 1330)
1574 - Damião de Góis, Portuguese philosopher (b. 1502)
1606 - Everard Digby, English conspirator (b. 1578)
1649 - King Charles I of England (executed) (b. 1600)
1836 - Betsy Ross, American seamstress (b. 1752)
1858 - Coenraad Jacob Temminck, Dutch zoologist (b. 1778)
1867 - Emperor Komei of Japan (b. 1831)
1869 - William Carleton, Irish novelist (b. 1794)
1889 - Crown Prince Rudolph of Austria (b. 1858)
1926 - Barbara La Marr, American actress (b. 1896)
1928 - Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger, Danish scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1867)
1948 - Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Mahatma Gandhi, Indian politician (b. 1869)
1948 - Orville Wright, American aviation pioneer (b. 1871)
1951 - Ferdinand Porsche, Austrian automotive engineer (b. 1875)
1958 - Jean Crotti, Swiss artist (b. 1878)
1962 - Manuel de Abreu, Brazilian physician (b. 1894)
1963 - Francis Poulenc, French composer (b. 1899)
1969 - Georges Pire, Belgian monk, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1910)
1980 - Professor Longhair, American musician (b. 1918)
1982 - Lightnin' Hopkins, American musician (b. 1912)
1991 - John Bardeen, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1908)
1991 - John McIntire, American actor (b. 1907)
1994 - Pierre Boulle, French author (b. 1912)
1995 - Gerald Durrell, British naturalist, zookeeper, author, and television presenter (b. 1925)
1999 - Huntz Hall, American actor (b. 1919)
1999 - Ed Herlihy, American writer (b. 1909)
2001 - Jean-Pierre Aumont, French actor (b. 1911)
2001 - Joseph Ransohoff, The father of modern neurosurgery (b. 1916)
2005 - Martyn Bennet, Canadian musician (b. 1971)
2005 - Wes Wehmiller, American musician (b. 1971)
2006 - Coretta Scott King, American activist and wife of Martin Luther King, Jr. (b. 1927)
Martyr Day, India - India
St. Mutien-Marie Wiaux (+1917)
St. Savina, martyred under Emperor Diocletian
King Charles the Martyr (Anglicanism)
On this day in Canada
NY Times: On this day
BBC: On This Day
Events1648 - The Treaty of Münster was signed, ending the Eighty Years' War between the Netherlands and Spain.
1649 - King Charles I of England is beheaded.
1661 - Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England is formally executed - after having been dead for two years.
1790 - The first boat specialized as a lifeboat is tested on the River Tyne.
1820 - Edward Bransfield lands on the Antarctic mainland.
1826 - The Menai Suspension Bridge connecting the Isle of Anglesey to the north West coast of Wales was opened. The bridge was not the first suspension bridge, but was so much larger than anything previously built that it is considered the world's first modern suspension bridge.
1835 - A mentally ill man named Richard Lawrence attempts to assassinate President Andrew Jackson in the United States Capitol -- the first assassination attempt against a President. Both of Lawrence's pistols misfire, and Jackson proceeds to beat his would-be assassin with his cane.
1841 - A fire destroys two-thirds of the then villa (now city) of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico.
1847 - Yerba Buena, California is renamed San Francisco.
1862 - The first American ironclad warship, the USS Monitor is launched.
1889 - Archduke Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria, heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown, was found dead with his mistress Baroness Mary Vetsera in Mayerling. How they died remains a mystery.
1900 - United Kingdom forces fighting Boers in South Africa ask for reinforcements.
1911 - The destroyer USS Terry makes the first airplane rescue at sea saving the life of James McCurdy 10 miles from Havana, Cuba.
1911 - The Canadian Naval Service becomes the Royal Canadian Navy.
1913 - House of Lords rejects Irish Home Rule Bill.
1925 - Government of Turkey throws Patriarch Constantine VI out of Istanbul.
1933 - Adolf Hitler is sworn in as Chancellor of Germany.
1944 - United States troops invade Majuro, Marshall Islands.
1945 - The Wilhelm Gustloff, overfilled with refugees, sinks in the Baltic Sea after being torpedoed by a Soviet submarine, leading to the deadliest maritime disaster in known history, killing roughly 9,000 people.
1948 - Indian pacifist and leader Mohandas Gandhi is assassinated by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu extremist.
1962 - Two of the high-wire Flying Wallendas are killed when their famous seven-person pyramid collapses during a performance in Detroit, Michigan.
1964 - Ranger 6 is launched by NASA. Its mission is to carry television cameras and to crash-land on the moon.
1968 - Vietnam War: The Tet Offensive begins when Viet Cong forces launch series of a surprise attacks in South Vietnam.
1969 - The Beatles' last public performance, on the roof of Apple Records in London. The impromptu concert is broken up by the police.
1972 - Bloody Sunday: United Kingdom British Paratroopers kill fourteen Roman Catholic civil rights /anti internment marchers in Northern Ireland- Bloody Sunday (1972)
1972 - Pakistan withdraws from the Commonwealth of Nations.
1975 - First faroese stamp issued.
1979 - Varig 707-323C freighter, flewn by the same commander of Flight 820, disappears over the ocean 30 minutes after taking off from Tokyo.
1989 - The American embassy in Kabul, Afghanistan closes.
1994 - Péter Lékó becomes the youngest grand master in chess.
1995 - Workers from the National Institutes of Health announce the success of clinical trials testing the first preventive treatment for sickle-cell disease.
1996 - Suspected leader of the Irish National Liberation Army Gino Gallagher is killed while in line for his unemployment benefit.
1996 - NBA superstar Magic Johnson plays the first game of his return to the Los Angeles Lakers. Magic retired in 1991 due to contracting the HIV virus.
2000 - Off the coast of Côte d'Ivoire, Kenya Airways Flight 431 crashes into the Atlantic Ocean, killing 169.
2002 - Slobodan Milošević accuses the United Nations war crimes tribunal of an "evil and hostile attack" against him.
2003 - Belgium legally recognizes same-sex marriage.
2005 - A Royal Air Force C-130 Hercules is shot down over Iraq