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Daily Facts - January 6

Births

1367 - King Richard II of England (d. 1400)
1412 - Joan of Arc, Roman Catholic Saint and national heroine of France (legendary date) (d. 1431)
1418 - Christopher of Bavaria, King of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden (d. 1448)
1486 - Martin Agricola, German composer (d. 1556)
1488 - Helius Eobanus Hessus, German poet (d. 1540)
1525 - Caspar Peucer, German reformer (d. 1602)
1561 - Thomas Fincke, Danish mathematician and physicist (d. 1656)
1587 - Gaspar de Guzmán y Pimentel, Count-Duke of Olivares, Spanish statesman (d. 1645)
1595 - Claude Favre de Vaugelas, French man of letters (d. 1650)
1617 - Kristoffer Gabel, Danish statesman (d. 1673)
1706 (O.S.) - Benjamin Franklin, American statesman (d. 1790)
1714 - Percivall Pott, English physician and surgeon (d. 1788)
1795 - Anselme Payen, French chemist (d. 1871)
1822 - Heinrich Schliemann, German archaeologist (d. 1890)
1832 - Gustave Doré, French painter and sculptor (d. 1883)
1838 - Max Bruch, German composer (d. 1920)
1848 - Hristo Botev, Bulgarian poet and revolutionary (d. 1876)
1870 - Gustav Bauer, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1944)
1872 - Alexander Scriabin, Russian composer (d. 1915)
1878 - Carl Sandburg, American poet and historian (d. 1967)
1880 - Tom Mix, American actor (d. 1940)
1882 - Fan S. Noli, Albanian bishop, poet, and political figure (d. 1965)
1882 - Sam Rayburn, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 1961)
1882 - Aleksandra Ekster, Russian painter (d. 1949)
1883 - Khalil Gibran, Lebanese writer and painter (d. 1931)
1898 - James Fitzmaurice, Irish aviation pioneer (d. 1965)
1899 - Phyllis Haver, American actress (d. 1960)
1899 - Heinrich Nordhoff, German automobile engineer, first managing director of Volkswagen (d. 1968)
1903 - Maurice Abravanel, Greek-born conductor (d. 1993)
1910 - Morris Wright, American writer (d. 1998)
1910 - Loretta Young, American actress (d. 2000)
1913 - Edward Gierek, Polish politician (d. 2001)
1914 - Danny Thomas, American singer, actor, and comedian (d. 1991)
1915 - Alan Watts, English writer and philosopher (d. 1973)
1917 - Koo Chen-fu, Chinese negotiator (d. 2005)
1920 - Sun Myung Moon, Korean evangelist
1920 - John Maynard Smith, English bioligist (d. 2004)
1920 - Early Wynn, baseball player (d. 1999)
1923 - Jacobo Timerman, Argentine writer (d. 1999)
1924 - Earl Scruggs, American musician
1925 - John De Lorean, American auto maker (d. 2005)
1926 - Ralph Branca, baseball player
1926 - Kid Gavilan, Cuban boxer (d. 2003)
1929 - Babrak Karmal, Afghani politician (d. 1996)
1930 - Vic Tayback, American actor (d. 1990)
1931 - Capucine, French actress (d. 1990)
1931 - E. L. Doctorow, American author
1931 - Dickie Moore, Canadian hockey player
1932 - Stuart A. Rice, American chemist
1933 - Oleg Makarov, cosmonaut (d. 2003)
1933 - Emil Steinberger, Swiss comedian
1936 - Julio María Sanguinetti Coirolo, President of Uruguay
1940 - Penny Lernoux, American journalist and author (d. 1989)
1940 - Van McCoy, American musician (d. 1979)
1943 - Terry Venables, English football manager
1944 - Bonnie Franklin, American actress
1944 - Rolf M. Zinkernagel, Swiss immunologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
1945 - Allen Appel, American novelist
1945 - Kojo Nnamdi (born Rex Orville Montague Paul), host on NPR station WAMU
1946 - Syd Barrett, English guitarist and singer (Pink Floyd)
1947 - Sandy Denny, English vocalist (d. 1978)
1951 - Kim Wilson, American musician
1952 - Frank Sivero, Italian-American actor
1953 - Malcolm Young, Scottish guitarist (AC/DC)
1954 - Hans Robert Hiegel, German architect
1954 - Yuji Horii, Japanese video game designer
1954 - Anthony Minghella, British director
1955 - Rowan Atkinson, English comedian and actor
1957 - Nancy Lopez, American golfer
1959 - Kapil Dev, Indian cricketer
1959 - Kathy Sledge, American singer (Sister Sledge)
1960 - Nigella Lawson, British chef and writer
1960 - Howie Long, American football star
1962 - Michael Houser, American musician (Widespread Panic) (d. 2002)
1963 - Jazzie B, American musician (Soul II Soul)
1964 - Henry Maske, German boxer
1964 - Rafael Vidal, Venezuelan athlete (d. 2005)
1964 - Mark O'Toole, British musician (Frankie Goes To Hollywood)
1965 - Muhammed al-Ahari, American Muslim writer and scholar
1965 - Charles Ashenoff, Cuban professional wrestler
1966 - Fernando Carrillo, Venezuelan actor
1966 - A. R. Rahman, Indian Music Composer
1966 - Andrew Wood, American singer (Mother Love Bone) (d. 1990)
1968 - John Singleton, American film director and writer
1970 - Julie Chen, American television presenter and newsreader
1970 - Gabrielle Reece, American volleyball player and model
1974 - Nicole DeHuff. American actress (d. 2005)
1976 - Danny Pintauro, American actor
1976 - Richard Zedník, Slovak ice hockey player
1978 - Nikki Einfeld, Canadian Opera Singer
1980 - Steed Malbranque, French footballer
1980 - Hiromi Oshima, Japanese adult model
1981 - Mike Jones, American rapper
1982 - Gilbert Arenas, American basketball player
1985 - LMB, American rapper

Deaths

664 - Amr ibn al-A'as, Muslim general
1088 - Berengar of Tours, French theologian
1448 - Christopher of Bavaria, King of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden (b. 1418)
1537 - Alessandro de' Medici, Duke of Florence (b. 1510)
1537 - Baldassare Peruzzi, Italian architect and painter (b. 1481)
1616 - Philip Henslowe, English theatrical entrepreneur
1689 - Bishop Seth Ward, English mathematician and astronomer (b. 1671)
1711 - Philipp van Almonde, Dutch admiral (b. 1646)
1718 - Giovanni Vincenzo Gravina, Italian writer and jurist (b. 1664)
1718 - Richard Hoare, English goldsmith and banker (b. 1648)
1724 - Chikamatsu Monzaemon, Japanese dramatist (b. 1653)
1731 - Étienne François Geoffroy, French chemist (b. 1672)
1734 - John Dennis, English critic and dramatist (b. 1657)
1813 - Louis Baraguey d'Hilliers, French general (b. 1764)
1840 - Fanny Burney, English novelist and diarist (b. 1752)
1852 - Louis Braille, French teacher of the blind (b. 1809)
1855 - Giacomo Beltrami, Italian explorer (b. 1779)
1884 - Gregor Johann Mendel, Austrian geneticist (b. 1822)
1885 - Peter Christen Asbjørnsen, Norwegian writer and scientist (b. 1812)
1913 - Frederick Hitch, English Victoria Cross Winner
1918 - Georg Cantor, German mathematician (b. 1845)
1919 - Max Heindel, Danish astrologer and mystic (b. 1865)
1919 - Theodore Roosevelt, 26th President of the United States, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1858)
1928 - Alvin Kraenzlein, American athlete (b. 1876)
1937 - André Besette, Canadian religious figure (b. 1845)
1942 - Henri de Baillet-Latour, Belgian International Olympic Committee president (b. 1876)
1945 - Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian mineralogist (b. 1863)
1949 - Victor Fleming, American director (b. 1883)
1972 - Chen Yi, Chinese communist military commander and politician (b. 1901)
1981 - A.J. Cronin, Scottish writer (b. 1896)
1981 - Karl Dönitz, WWII German U-boat Commander, WWII German Navy Commander and Grand Admiral, Third Reich President (b. 1891)
1990 - Ian Charleson, Scottish actor (b. 1949)
1990 - Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)
1992 - Dizzy Gillespie, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1917)
1993 - Rudolf Nureyev, Russian ballet dancer (b. 1938)
1995 - Joe Slovo, South African politician (b. 1926)
1996 - Yahya Ayyash, Palestinian leader (b. 1966)
1997 - Catherine Scorsese, Italian-American actress (b. 1912)
2000 - Don Martin, American cartoonist (b. 1931)
2004 - Pierre Charles, Prime Minister of Dominica (b. 1954)
2004 - Charles Dumas, American athlete (b. 1937)
2004 - Francesco Scavullo, American photographer (b. 1921)
2005 - Lois Hole, Lieutenant Governor of Alberta (b. 1933)
2005 - Louis Robichaud, Premier of New Brunswick (b. 1925)
2006 - Lou Rawls, American singer (b. 1933)
2006 - Hugh Thompson, Jr. U.S. Army hero (b. 1943)

Events

1066 - Harold Godwinson crowned King of England.
1205 - Philip of Swabia becomes King of the Romans.
1494 - First Mass celebrated in the New World at La Isabela, Hispaniola.
1540 - King Henry VIII of England marries Anne of Cleves.
1579 - The Union of Atrecht was signed.
1661 - The fifth monarchy men unsuccessfully attempt to seize control of London.
1690 - Joseph, son of Emperor Leopold I becomes King of the Romans.
1720 - The Committee of Inquiry on the South Sea Bubble publishes its findings.
1838 - Samuel Morse first successfully tested the electrical telegraph.
1853 - American President-Elect Franklin Pierce, wife Jane, and son Ben are involved in a train wreck near Andover, Massachusetts. Franklin and Jane survive but eleven-year-old Ben is killed.
1887 - `Abd-allah II of Harar opens the Battle of Chelenqo with an attack on the camp of the Shewan army of Negus Menelik II early in the morning; prepared for the assault, the Negus orders a counter-attack which routs the enemy, resulting with the capture of Harar a few days later.
1893 - Washington National Cathedral is chartered by Congress. The charter is signed by President Benjamin Harrison.
1870 - The inauguration of the Musikverein (Vienna).
1900 - It is reported that millions are starving in India.
1900 - Boers attack Ladysmith, South Africa - over 1,000 people killed
1907 - Maria Montessori opens her first school and daycare center for working class children in Rome.
1912 - New Mexico is admitted as the 47th U.S. state.
1929 - King Alexander of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes suspends his country's constitution (the so-called January 6th Dictatorship, Šestojanuarska diktatura.)
1930 - The first diesel-engine automobile trip is completed (Indianapolis, Indiana, to New York City).
1931 - Thomas Edison submits his last patent application.
1936 - Supreme Court of the United States rules the 1933 Agricultural Adjustment Act unconstitutional in the case United States v. Butler et al..
1936 - Porky Pig premieres.
1940 - Mass execution of Poles, committed by Germans in the city of Poznań, Warthegau.
1941 - Franklin Delano Roosevelt delivers his Four Freedoms Speech in the State of the Union Address.
1942 - Pan American Airlines becomes the first commercial airline to have a flight go around the world.
1950 - The United Kingdom recognizes the People's Republic of China. The Republic of China severs diplomatic relations with Britain in response.
1961 - A fire at the Thomas Hotel in San Francisco kills 20 people.
1967 - United States Marine Corps and ARVN troops launch "Operation Deckhouse Five" in the Mekong River delta.
1974 - In response to the energy crisis, daylight saving time commences nearly four months early in the United States.
1977 - The music publisher EMI ends its contract with the notorious punk rock group Sex Pistols after reports of abusive behaviour at Heathrow Airport, London.
1978 - The Crown of St. Stephen (also known as the Holy Crown of Hungary) is returned to Hungary from the United States, where it was held after the Second World War.
1994 - Nancy Kerrigan is clubbed on the right leg by an assailant under orders from figure skating rival Tonya Harding.
1995 - A chemical fire in an apartment complex in Manila, Philippines, leads to the discovery of plans for Project Bojinka, a mass-terrorist attack.
2005 - Mississippi Civil Rights Workers Murders: Edgar Ray Killen is arrested as a suspect for the 1964 murders of three Civil Rights workers.
2005 - First World Congress of Imams and Rabbis for Peace begins in Brussels, Belgium
2006 - Tropical Storm Zeta (2005) finally dissipates after breaking many records.

Holidays

Ancient Latvia - Zvaigznes Diena observed
Christianity (except Eastern and Oriental Orthodox who follow the Julian Calendar) - Epiphany of the Lord (a.k.a. "Twelfth Day of Christmas" and Three Kings Day in some areas).
Epiphany (National Holiday) in Italy
In the Irish Calendar- Little Christmas or Nollaig na mBan (Women's Christmas) and/or Twelfth Day.
Rastafari movement - Celebration of the ceremonial birthday of Haile Selassie
Armenian Christmas (except in the Holy Land where it's on January 18th - old calendar)
Twelfth Night, or The Lord of Misrule