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Daily Facts Collection

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Daily Facts - January 7

Births

1 BC (O.S.) - Jesus of Nazareth, central figure of Christianity, date celebrated by Eastern Orthodox churches as Christmas (d. circa 30) (Orthodox Christians celebrate Christmas on December 25 according to the Julian Calendar, which for now coincides with January 7 on the Gregorian Calendar, but this will eventually shift.)
1355 - Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester, son of Edward III of England (d. 1397)
1502 - Pope Gregory XIII (d. 1585)
1528 - Jeanne d'Albret, Queen of Navarre (d. 1572)
1647 - Wilhelm Ludwig, Duke of Württemberg (d. 1677)
1685 - Jonas Alströmer, Swedish industrialist (d. 1761)
1706 - Johann Heinrich Zedler, German publisher (d. 1751)
1718 - Israel Putnam, American Revolutionary War general (d. 1790)
1768 - Joseph Bonaparte, King of Naples (d. 1844)
1800 - Millard Fillmore, 13th President of the United States (d. 1874)
1827 - Sir Sandford Fleming, a Canadian engineer and inventor, known for the introduction of Universal Standard Time
1831 - Heinrich von Stephan, German labor organizer (d. 1897)
1834 - Johann Philipp Reis, German physicist and inventor (d. 1874)
1844 - Bernadette Soubirous, French saint (d. 1879)
1860 - Emanuil Manolov, Bulgarian composer (d. 1902)
1871 - Felix Édouard Justin Émile Borel, French mathematician, politician, and resistance fighter (d. 1956)
1873 - Adolph Zukor, Hungarian producer (d. 1976)
1875 - Thomas Hicks, American runner (d. 1963)
1891 - Zora Neale Hurston, American author (d. 1960)
1896 - Arnold Ridley, British playwright and actor (d. 1984)
1899 - Francis Poulenc, French composer (d. 1963)
1903 - Warren Hull, American actor (d. 1974)
1903 - Alan Napier, English actor (d. 1988)
1908 - Red Allen, American musician (d. 1967)
1910 - Faiz Ahmed Faiz, Pakistani poet (d. (1984)
1910 - Orval Faubus, Governor of Arkansas (d. 1994)
1911 - Butterfly McQueen, American actress (d. 1995)
1912 - Charles Addams, American cartoonist (d. 1988)
1913 - Johnny Mize, baseball player (d. 1993)
1916 - Paul Keres, Estonian chess player (d. 1975)
1922 - Vincent Gardenia, Italian-born actor (d. 1992)
1922 - Jean-Pierre Rampal, French flutist (d. 2000)
1923 - Hugh Kenner, Canadian literary critic (d. 2003)
1925 - Gerald Durrell British naturalist, zookeeper, author, and television presenter (d. 1995)
1928 - William Peter Blatty, American screenwriter
1929 - Terry Moore, American actress
1934 - Charlie Jenkins, American runner
1935 - Kenny Davern, American jazz clarinetist
1935 - Valeri Kubasov, cosmonaut
1937 - Paul Revere, American musician
1938 - Roland Topor, French illustrator (d. 1997)
1938 - Rory Storm, British singer (d. 1972)
1939 - Maury Povich, TV host (Current Affair, Maury)/Connie Chung's husband
1941 - Iona Brown, British violinist and conductor (d. 2004)
1941 - John E. Walker, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
1942 - Vasily Alexeev, Russian weightlifter
1945 - Tony Conigliaro, American baseball player (d. 1990)
1945 - Dick Marty, Swiss politician
1946 - Jann Wenner, American publisher
1947 - Shobha De, Indian writer
1947 - Hristo Spasov Tsanoff, Bulgarian composer
1948 - Kenny Loggins, American singer
1949 - Steven Williams, American actor
1950 - Erin Gray, American actress
1951 - Helen Worth, British actress
1956 - David Caruso, American actor
1957 - Nicholson Baker, American novelist
1957 - Katie Couric, American television host
1957 - Julian Solis, Puerto Rican boxer
1959 - Kathy Valentine, American musician (The Go-Gos)
1964 - Nicolas Cage, American actor, director, and producer
1964 - Kenneth Wajda, American filmmaker
1966 - Carolyn Bessette-Kennedy, American publicist (d. 1999)
1967 - Mark Lamarr, British comedian and broadcaster
1967 - Guy Hebert, American professional hockey goaltender
1970 - Doug E. Doug, American actor
1971 - David Yost, American actor
1972 - Donald Brashear, American ice hockey player (Philadelphia Flyers)
1976 - Eric Gagné, Canadian baseball player
1976 - Alfonso Soriano, Dominican Major League Baseball player
1977 - Michelle Behennah, British model
1977 - Dustin Diamond, American actor
1979 - Bipasha Basu, Indian model and actress
1980 - Mariangel Ruiz, Venezuelan hostess, actress, and model
1988 - Julian Rodriguez, Asian artist
1990 - Liam Aiken, American actor
1990 - Elene Gedevanishvili, Georgian figure skater

Deaths

1400 - Thomas Holland, 1st Duke of Surrey, English politician (executed) (b. 1374)
1536 - Catherine of Aragon, first wife of Henry VIII of England (b. 1485)
1566 - Louis de Blois, Flemish mystic (b. 1506)
1619 - Nicholas Hilliard, English painter
1625 - Ruggiero Giovannelli, Italian composer
1658 - Theophilus Eaton, Connecticut colonist (b. 1590)
1694 - Charles Gerard, 1st Earl of Macclesfield, English royalist general
1700 - Raphael Fabretti, Italian antiquarian (b. 1618)
1758 - Allan Ramsay, Scottish poet (b. 1686)
1767 - Thomas Clap, 1st president of Yale University (b. 1703)
1770 - Carl Gustaf Tessin, Swedish politician (b. 1695)
1783 - William Tans'ur, English hymnist (b. 1700)
1786 - Jean-Étienne Guettard, French physician and scientist (b. 1715)
1830 - Thomas Lawrence, English painter (b. 1769)
1864 - Caleb Blood Smith, 6th U.S. Secretary of the Interior (b. 1808)
1872 - James Fisk, American entrepreneur (b. 1834)
1878 - François-Vincent Raspail, French chemist (b. 1794)
1892 - Tewfik Pasha, Khedive of Egypt (b. 1852)
1893 - Jožef Stefan, Slovenian physicist, mathematician, and poet (b. 1835)
1919 - Henry Ware Eliot American industrialist and philantropist (b. 1843)
1920 - Edmund Barton, 1st Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1849)
1943 - Nikola Tesla, Serbian-born inventor and electrical engineer (b. 1856)
1951 - René Guénon, French-Egyptian author (b. 1886)
1964 - Cyril Davies, American musician (b. 1932)
1972 - John Berryman, American poet (b. 1914)
1984 - Alfred Kastler, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1902))
1986 - Juan Rulfo, Mexican novelist (b. 1917)
1988 - Trevor Howard, English actor (b. 1913)
1989 - Hirohito, Emperor of Japan (b. 1901)
1990 - Bronko Nagurski, American football player(b. 1908)
1995 - Murray Rothbard, American economist (b. 1926)
1996 - Károly Grósz, Hungarian politician (b. 1930)
1998 - Vladimir Prelog, Croatian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b.1906)
2002 - Jon Lee, Welsh drummer (Feeder) (suicide) (b. 1968)
2002 - Avery Schreiber, American actor (b. 1935)
2005 - Pierre Daninos, French novelist (b. 1913)
2005 - Eileen Desmond, Irish politician (b. 1932)
2006 - Heinrich Harrer, Austrian mountaineer and explorer (b. 1912)

Events

1325 - Alfonso IV becomes King of Portugal.
1558 - France takes Calais, the last continental possession of England.
1566 - Pius V becomes Pope.
1598 - Boris Godunov seizes the throne of Russia.
1608 - Fire destroys Jamestown, Virginia.
1610 - Galileo Galilei observes the four largest moons of Jupiter for the first time. He named them and in turn the four are called the Galilean moons.
1782 - The first American commercial bank opens (Bank of North America).
1785 - Frenchman Jean-Pierre Blanchard and American John Jeffries travel from Dover, England to Calais, France in a gas balloon
1797 - It is the birthday of the flag of Italy.
1835 - HMS Beagle anchors off the Chonos Archipelago.
1861 - Revised Constitution of the U.S. state of Alabama.
1894 - W.K. Dickson receives a patent for motion picture film.
1904 - The distress signal "CQD" is established only to be replaced two years later by "SOS."
1922 - Dáil Éireann ratifies the Anglo-Irish Treaty by 64-57 votes.
1924 - George Gershwin completes Rhapsody in Blue.
1924 - The International Hockey Federation (FIH) is founded in Paris by seven member states: Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, France, Hungary, Spain, and Switzerland.
1927 - First transatlantic telephone call - New York City to London.
1927 - The Harlem Globetrotters play their first game.
1935 - World War II: Benito Mussolini and French Foreign Minister Pierre Laval sign the Italo-French agreements.
1942 - World War II: Siege of the Bataan Peninsula begins.
1945 - British General Bernard Montgomery holds a press conference in which he claims credit for victory in the Battle of the Bulge.
1950 - A fire at the Mercy Hospital in Davenport, Iowa kills 41 people.
1953 - President Harry Truman announces that the United States has developed a hydrogen bomb.
1954 - Georgetown-IBM experiment, the first public demonstration of a machine translation system, was held in New York at the head office of IBM.
1959 - The United States recognizes the new Cuban government of Fidel Castro.
1979 - Phnom Penh fell to the advancing Vietnamese troops, driving out Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge.
1980 - President Jimmy Carter authorizes legislation giving $1.5 billion in loans to bail out Chrysler Corporation.
1984 - Brunei becomes the sixth member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).
1989 - Akihito, Emperor of Japan during World War II, dies.
1990 - The Leaning Tower of Pisa is closed to the public due to safety concerns.
1999 - The impeachment trial of President Bill Clinton begins.
2006 - Singaporean composer Bernard Tan's Violin Concerto received its world premiere performance by the Singapore Symphony Orchestra and violinist Lynnette Seah, conducted by Lan Shui.

Holidays

Catholicism - Feast day of St. Raymond of Peñafort.
Christmas Day in the Julian calendar. This is the day on which Christmas is celebrated in most Eastern and Oriental Orthodox Churches.
European traditional - Distaff day: women's traditional work begins again after Epiphany.